​Exposing the Governance Conundrum ​in Kenya

One of the major challenges that incessantly bedevil Kenya, like other emerging democracies, is the crisis of governance epitomized by high levels of corruption and failed institutional reforms. Indeed, Africa loses nearly a quarter of her Gross Domestic Product (GDP) or US $ 148 billion to corruption annually. In the case of Kenya, the Controller and Auditor-General reports that 'the Kenya government lost more than 475 billion Kenya shillings between 1991 and 1997 through corruption, neglect, wastage and a 'don't care' attitude of public officers…this translates into a loss of Kenya shillings 68 billion annually, nearly one third of the government's ordinary annual revenues' (Kibwana et al., 2001:155). Thus, 'in Kenya alone, international donors estimate that since 2002, nearly US $ 1 billion has been stolen as a result of corruption' (Ware et al., 2011:65). It should be noted that these figures only reflect detectable and hence reported corruption. The reality is that 'some types of corrupt activities (and no-one knows how many of these there are or how frequently they occur) tend to be carried out in secret with few [or no] witnesses. [Yet], that which is not witnessed cannot be reported' (Gorta, 2006: Unpaged Online Version).
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